The ankle joint is a joint formed mostly by bones and ligaments. It is a joint consisting of the tibia (tibia), talus (talus) and heel bone (calcaneus) and the bones of the foot where the calcaneus articulates and is supported by ligaments. It is one of the most traumatized joints in the body. With medical advances, the mechanics of the ankle have become more understood and diseases can be treated more appropriately.
It is one of the most damaged joints after sports injuries: cartilage damage, fractures and ligament injuries are very common. The ligaments around the ankle are also extra-articular ligaments and have a high healing potential. However, interventions that are not performed at appropriate times when necessary cause problems.
The lower end of the tibia forms the roof of the joint together with the small bone (fibula) on the outside of the calf. These two bones are the most commonly broken bones, especially with ankle sprains. The external and internal side ligaments of the ankle are connected to these two bones. The movement of the ankle takes place in this area.
It forms the base of the ankle joint. The other side of the ankle ligaments attach to this area. This bone is the joint that carries the most weight of your body. Fractures are very important. Approximately 90 percent of the bone forms the articular surface. Fractures must therefore be treated perfectly, especially anotomically.
Heel bone (calcaneus)
It is the bone at the back of the foot and at the sole. It makes a joint with the achilles bone. This joint is a joint without much movement. Since the heel bone is a contact bone, it is a bone that causes a lot of complaints.
There are ligaments on the outside and inside of the ankle. They can be severely damaged in sprains and falls. It is very important that they receive appropriate treatment.
It is one of the strongest tendons of the body located behind the ankle. It is very important in movement. Since it is a tendon that carries the whole body, early diagnosis and treatment of diseases is very important.
The most common complaints in patients with ankle disorders are pain and swelling. Frequent sprains, edema, swelling, swelling and limitation of movement while walking are very common. Advances in the field of medicine allow diseases to be recognized and treated much more easily.
Once the complaints are diagnosed, medications, bracelets, injection therapies, physical therapy applications and surgical treatments are applied in the treatment.