Knee joints are one of the most important parts in the movement that carries the whole weight of the body. It is a complex component formed by the combination of the thigh bone (femur), shinbone (tibia) and kneecaps (patella). At the same time, it is a whole formed by muscles with ligaments that surround and provide support within the joints.
Knee cap (patella)
It is the moving bone that you feel when you put your hand on your knee while sitting. The joint of the bone with the thigh bone is important for the strength of the movement. The joint with the thigh bone and the surrounding ligaments that hold the bone in place are important for pain in this region.
They are two crescent-shaped structures located inside the knee. It has 2 important purposes. To ensure joint integrity and to reduce the friction of the bones. Menisci are like shock absorbers in vehicles. They are very important during movement. Tearing them causes them to lose their function.
Anterior/Rear cruciate ligaments
They are 2 separate ligaments in the knee that, like their names, are crossed in relation to each other. Together they function to restrict the forward and backward movements of the thigh and tibia bones. In case of damage to any of them, there is an increase in the anterior and posterior movements of the knee at the micro level. At the same time, the sensory organs in these two ligaments help the knee to feel movement. They cause a feeling of sliding, hollow feeling in the knee.
Internal/external side ligaments
Like their name, they are ligaments located on both sides of the knee. They contribute to the stability of the knee. They are ligaments located outside the joint. Their healing potential is very high in isolated injuries.
Since the knee joint is a joint formed by the combination of many structures, it has many different complaints. The most common complaints are pain, limitation of movement, swelling, snapping and spraining sensation. Each complaint should be examined in detail and the disease should be detected first and then a personalized treatment plan should be made when necessary.
Knee complaints need to be clearly diagnosed and then treated appropriately. Exercise therapy, medications, physical therapy and various surgeries can be applied.